Internet connectedness before and after September 11 2001

Yong Chan Kim, Joo Young Jung, Elisia L. Cohen, Sandra J. Ball-Rokeach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Based on survey data gathered before and after September 11, 2001 ('9/11'), this study examines the relationship between 'internet connectedness' and communicative actions after September 11 2001. The study found that: (1) people heightened their dependency relations with traditional mass media after September 11, regardless of whether or not they had an internet connection; (2) 'internet high-connectors' intensified their internet connections, while 'internet low-connectors' decreased the intensity of their internet connections; and (3) internet high-connectors participated in a broader range of civic activities in response to September 11 than did internet low- and non-connectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-631
Number of pages21
JournalNew Media and Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Civic engagement
  • Communication infrastructure
  • Crisis
  • Internet
  • Internet connectedness
  • Los Angeles
  • Media dependency
  • September 11


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