International adoption: A review and update

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Decades of clinical observation and research studies with internationally adopted children have created lessons that can apply to a broader population of vulnerable children. Comprehensive physical and mental health evaluations, developmental assessment, and intervention are indicated for every IA. Interventions as indicated based on these assessments ideally address immediate and long-term needs in a timely manner. A definitive diagnosis of developmental/mental health disorders should be reserved until the child has had adequate time to learn a new language, form secure attachments, have an optimized home and school environment, and interventions as indicated. Ongoing support for the child and family through each developmental stage is both our responsibility and our joy as pediatricians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-257
Number of pages13
JournalPediatrics in review
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
AUTHOR DISCLOSURE Dr Eckerle is partially supported by grants from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the Minnesota Department of Human Services. Ms Bresnahan is partially supported by a grant from the Minnesota Department of Human Services. Dr Kroupina is partially supported by grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Minnesota Department of Human Services. Drs Johnson and Howard have disclosed no financial relationships relevant to this article. This commentary does not contain a discussion of an unapproved/investigative use of a commercial product/device.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Academy of Pediatrics. All rights reserved.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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