Internalized Homonegativity: A Systematic Mapping Review of Empirical Research

Rigmor C. Berg, Heather M. Munthe-Kaas, Michael W. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


Internalized homonegativity (IH) is an important variable affecting the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons. We included 201 studies in a systematic mapping review of IH. Most studies were conducted in North America and examined IH as a predictor of poor health. The primary focus of 14 studies was IH scale measurement, and, in total, these studies detailed nine distinct scales. Eighteen studies compared levels of IH in LGB populations, four described prevention programs, and one investigated IH using qualitative methods. Our review indicates that further research is needed, particularly qualitative research and ways to ameliorate IH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-558
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Homosexuality
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Published with license by Taylor & Francis.


  • Homophobia
  • internalized homonegativity
  • research
  • systematic mapping review


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