Internal energy relaxation and dissociation of molecular oxygen using direct molecular simulation

Maninder S. Grover, Thomas E. Schwartzentruber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations


In this work we present a molecular level study of non-equilibrium dissociation and vibrational excitation of oxygen due to O2+ O2and O2+ O interactions using the direct molecular simulation method (DMS). The O2+O2interactions were modeled using potential energy surfaces (PESs) corresponding to the singlet and quintet spin states and isothermal excitation calculations were carried out over temperatures ranging from 5000K to 20000K to calculate non-equilibrium dissociation rate coefficients and characteristic vibrational excitation times over. Non-equilibrium dissociation rate coefficients obtained from both PESs for the O2+O2interactions are in agreement. The characteristic vibrational excitation times calculate calculated showed that the molecules colliding over the quintet surface excite slightly faster than those colliding on the singlet surface. The O2+O interactions were modeled using the four body PESs and placing an atom at a large distance from the three interacting atoms. While, this particular arrangement does not correspond to a specific state for the three body system it gives us a qualitative idea of the properties associated with O2+ O interactions. Dissociation rate coefficients and characteristic vibrational excitation times were calculated for the O2+ O interactions. Although preliminary, it was found that the dissociation rate coefficients obtained using the two PESs were similar and the characteristic vibrational excitation times obtained from the singlet PES were higher than those obtained from the the quintet PES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication47th AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 2017
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624104992
StatePublished - 2017
Event47th AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 2017 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2017Jun 9 2017

Publication series

Name47th AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 2017


Other47th AIAA Thermophysics Conference, 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research presented is supported by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under Grant No. FA9550-16-1-0161. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of the AFOSR or the US government. Maninder Grover was supported by the Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship at the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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