Intergenerational Transmission of Female Genital Cutting: Community and Marriage Dynamics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study examined how characteristics of households and communities are implicated in the intergenerational transmission of gender inequality and particularly female genital cutting (FGC). Background: Human capital perspectives suggest that socioeconomic inequality predicts FGC continuation. This study contributes to discussions of institutional change by examining the association of decisions to forego FGC with household decision making patterns and community gender norms. Method: Multilevel logistic regression was deployed to analyze a pooled sample (N = 12,144) of six demographic and health surveys from Burkina Faso, Egypt, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, and Nigeria. A series of models examined how decision making styles, both at the household and community levels (2,524 demographic and health survey cluster aggregations), and community levels of FGC correspond with the risk of having a daughter cut. Results: The results show that daughters are less likely to be cut when parents make key household decisions jointly. Autonomous decision making by women at the community level was associated with lower odds of daughters being cut. However, at the community level, the impacts of women's household decision making were attenuated when FGC was more prevalent. Conclusion: The findings suggest that women's decision making status is an important factor in FGC abandonment, although that association is less robust when FGC is highly institutionalized. This study provides new insights into how women, families, and communities can disrupt the intergenerational transmission of behaviors associated with institutionalized gender inequality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-647
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

marriage
decision making
community
gender
Guinea
Burkina Faso
Mali
institutional change
Marriage
Intergenerational Transmission
health
aggregation
Egypt
Kenya
human capital
Nigeria
parents
logistics
Decision Making
Household

Keywords

  • children
  • cross-cultural
  • decision making
  • human rights
  • intergenerational
  • marriage

Cite this

Intergenerational Transmission of Female Genital Cutting : Community and Marriage Dynamics. / Boyle, Elizabeth Heger; Svec, Joseph.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 81, No. 3, 06.2019, p. 631-647.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{352f7141cc1f41cc8a4698e7a90f2e1c,
title = "Intergenerational Transmission of Female Genital Cutting: Community and Marriage Dynamics",
abstract = "Objective: This study examined how characteristics of households and communities are implicated in the intergenerational transmission of gender inequality and particularly female genital cutting (FGC). Background: Human capital perspectives suggest that socioeconomic inequality predicts FGC continuation. This study contributes to discussions of institutional change by examining the association of decisions to forego FGC with household decision making patterns and community gender norms. Method: Multilevel logistic regression was deployed to analyze a pooled sample (N = 12,144) of six demographic and health surveys from Burkina Faso, Egypt, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, and Nigeria. A series of models examined how decision making styles, both at the household and community levels (2,524 demographic and health survey cluster aggregations), and community levels of FGC correspond with the risk of having a daughter cut. Results: The results show that daughters are less likely to be cut when parents make key household decisions jointly. Autonomous decision making by women at the community level was associated with lower odds of daughters being cut. However, at the community level, the impacts of women's household decision making were attenuated when FGC was more prevalent. Conclusion: The findings suggest that women's decision making status is an important factor in FGC abandonment, although that association is less robust when FGC is highly institutionalized. This study provides new insights into how women, families, and communities can disrupt the intergenerational transmission of behaviors associated with institutionalized gender inequality.",
keywords = "children, cross-cultural, decision making, human rights, intergenerational, marriage",
author = "Boyle, {Elizabeth Heger} and Joseph Svec",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/jomf.12560",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "631--647",
journal = "Journal of Marriage and Family",
issn = "0022-2445",
publisher = "Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intergenerational Transmission of Female Genital Cutting

T2 - Community and Marriage Dynamics

AU - Boyle, Elizabeth Heger

AU - Svec, Joseph

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Objective: This study examined how characteristics of households and communities are implicated in the intergenerational transmission of gender inequality and particularly female genital cutting (FGC). Background: Human capital perspectives suggest that socioeconomic inequality predicts FGC continuation. This study contributes to discussions of institutional change by examining the association of decisions to forego FGC with household decision making patterns and community gender norms. Method: Multilevel logistic regression was deployed to analyze a pooled sample (N = 12,144) of six demographic and health surveys from Burkina Faso, Egypt, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, and Nigeria. A series of models examined how decision making styles, both at the household and community levels (2,524 demographic and health survey cluster aggregations), and community levels of FGC correspond with the risk of having a daughter cut. Results: The results show that daughters are less likely to be cut when parents make key household decisions jointly. Autonomous decision making by women at the community level was associated with lower odds of daughters being cut. However, at the community level, the impacts of women's household decision making were attenuated when FGC was more prevalent. Conclusion: The findings suggest that women's decision making status is an important factor in FGC abandonment, although that association is less robust when FGC is highly institutionalized. This study provides new insights into how women, families, and communities can disrupt the intergenerational transmission of behaviors associated with institutionalized gender inequality.

AB - Objective: This study examined how characteristics of households and communities are implicated in the intergenerational transmission of gender inequality and particularly female genital cutting (FGC). Background: Human capital perspectives suggest that socioeconomic inequality predicts FGC continuation. This study contributes to discussions of institutional change by examining the association of decisions to forego FGC with household decision making patterns and community gender norms. Method: Multilevel logistic regression was deployed to analyze a pooled sample (N = 12,144) of six demographic and health surveys from Burkina Faso, Egypt, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, and Nigeria. A series of models examined how decision making styles, both at the household and community levels (2,524 demographic and health survey cluster aggregations), and community levels of FGC correspond with the risk of having a daughter cut. Results: The results show that daughters are less likely to be cut when parents make key household decisions jointly. Autonomous decision making by women at the community level was associated with lower odds of daughters being cut. However, at the community level, the impacts of women's household decision making were attenuated when FGC was more prevalent. Conclusion: The findings suggest that women's decision making status is an important factor in FGC abandonment, although that association is less robust when FGC is highly institutionalized. This study provides new insights into how women, families, and communities can disrupt the intergenerational transmission of behaviors associated with institutionalized gender inequality.

KW - children

KW - cross-cultural

KW - decision making

KW - human rights

KW - intergenerational

KW - marriage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062548415&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062548415&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jomf.12560

DO - 10.1111/jomf.12560

M3 - Article

C2 - 31741540

AN - SCOPUS:85062548415

VL - 81

SP - 631

EP - 647

JO - Journal of Marriage and Family

JF - Journal of Marriage and Family

SN - 0022-2445

IS - 3

ER -