Interfacial design for block copolymer thin films

Michael J. Maher, Christopher M. Bates, Gregory Blachut, Stephen Sirard, Jeffrey L. Self, Matthew C. Carlson, Leon M. Dean, Julia D. Cushen, William J. Durand, Colin O. Hayes, Christopher J. Ellison, C. Grant Willson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Top coat design, coating, and optimization methodologies are introduced that facilitate the synthesis, application, and identification of neutral top coats for block copolymer (BP) thin films. Polymeric top coat composition, controlled via synthesis, determines interfacial wetting characteristics. Trimethylammonium salts of top coats improve solubility and coating uniformity. A "confined" island and hole test conveniently establishes (non)preferential wetting at the top coat/BP interface, which depends upon top coat composition. The utility of these three concepts was demonstrated with two high-χ, lamella-forming BPs, poly(styrene-block-4-trimethylsilylstyrene) (PS-b-PTMSS) having two periodicities L0 = 18 and 22 nm and poly(styrene-block-methyltrimethylsilylmethacrylate) (PS-b-PTMSM) with L 0 = 15 nm. The combination of neutral top and bottom interfaces resulted in a perpendicular orientation of lamellae independent of BP film thickness (1-3 L0) when thermally annealed for 60 s or less.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1471-1479
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2014

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