One of the best magneto-optical claddings for optical isolators in photonic integrated circuits is sputter deposited cerium-doped terbium iron garnet (Ce:TbIG) which has a large Faraday rotation (≈−3500° cm−1 at 1550 nm). Near-ideal stoichiometry (Formula presented.) of Ce0.5Tb2.5Fe4.75O12 is found to have a 44 nm magnetic dead layer that can impede the interaction of propagating modes with garnet claddings. The effective anisotropy of Ce:TbIG on Si is also important, but calculations using bulk thermal mismatch overestimate the effective anisotropy. Here, X-ray diffraction measurements yield highly accurate measurements of strain that show anisotropy favors an in-plane magnetization in agreement with the positive magnetostriction of Ce:TbIG. Upon doping TbIG with Ce, a slight decrease in compensation temperature occurs which points to preferential rare-earth occupation in dodecahedral sites and an absence of cation redistribution between different lattice sites. The high Faraday rotation, large remanent ratio, large coercivity, and preferential in-plane magnetization enable Ce:TbIG to be an in-plane latched garnet, immune to stray fields with magnetization collinear to direction of light propagation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility and the Minnesota Nano Center, University of Minnesota, which receives partial support from the NSF through the MRSEC and the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network (NNCI Award Number 1542202) programs, respectively, and at the Institute for Rock Magnetism (IRM) at the University of Minnesota. The IRM is a U.S. National Multi-user Facility supported through the Instrumentation and Facilities program of the National Science Foundation, Earth Sciences Division (NSF/EAR 1642268), and by funding from the University of Minnesota. This is IRM publication #1906.
© 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
- Faraday rotation
- compensation temperature
- magneto-optical garnets