Interclonal variation in the performance of Daphnia magna straus in chronic bioassays

Amadeu M.V.M. Soares, Donald J. Baird, Peter Calow

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    81 Scopus citations


    As an ecotoxicological test organism, Daphnia magna Straus has a long history and is now used extensively. Despite this, considerable variation in interlaboratory bioassays using the same reference toxicant has been reported. Using a standard quantitative genetics approach, the relative tolerance of different genotypes of Daphnia magna to two toxicants (sodium bromide and 3,4‐dichloroaniline) was assessed. As expected, the environmental component of variability dominated the chronic response with a significant component of interaction. Differences between genotypes, although significant, were not large. It was concluded that genotype‐environment interactions played a key role in determining chronic responses of Daphnia magna to both compounds. Some suggestions are given to improve the level of repeatability in Daphnia magna bioassays.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1477-1483
    Number of pages7
    JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
    Issue number10
    StatePublished - Oct 1992


    • Chronic bioassays
    • Daphnia magna
    • Genetic variation
    • Standardization
    • Variability


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