The calcium-dependent interaction of vitamin K-dependent proteins with membranes is a complex process that minimally consists of 1) calcium binding to the protein and an essential calcium-dependent protein transition, 2) an essential calcium-membrane interaction, and 3) formation of the protein-membrane complex. Below about 5 mM calcium, the protein-membrane complex binds more calcium than the sum of the components but at higher concentrations protein-membrane binding is not accompanied by additional cation binding. These protein-membrane interactions function in blood coagulation by increasing the binding affinity of the active site. The increased affinity results from the additive effects of protein-membrane (e.g., prothrombin-, factor Xa- factor V-membrane) interactons and protein-protein (e.g., factor Xa-factor V and prothrombin-factor V) interactions. The prothrombinase complex can be viewed kinetically as a dissociable three-component enzyme (factor Xa, factor V, and phospholipid) acting on the soluble susbtrate, prothrombin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1978|