Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women and its global incidence is rising rapidly. Adjuvant hormonal therapy, with antiestrogens (AE) such as tamoxifen and fulvestrant, is highly effective in the treatment of estrogen receptor-positive (ER + ) breast cancers and is largely responsible for the increase in survival rates seen in the past four decades. However, nearly 50 % of women with ER + cancer display de novo or acquired resistance to AE therapies. Potential molecular mechanisms driving the resistance phenotype are beginning to be elucidated, allowing further development of more effective therapeutic and preventive strategies to reduce the overall mortality due to breast cancer. Over 70 % of breast cancer survivors surveyed report increasing their comsumption of fruits, vegetables, and natural product supplements upon diagnosis. These are rich sources of dietary polyphenols (PPs) that can interact with cell-signaling pathways involved in the development of AE resistance. However, research on mechanisms by which these agents may affect AE resistance and whether PP intake can signifi cantly change breast cancer recurrence is limited. We summarize the available data on the effects of PPs on breast cancer recurrence and the interactions of these compounds with some of the signaling pathways hypothesized to drive cell death and survival involved in the development of AE resistance in breast cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation|
|State||Published - 2012|
- antiestrogen resistance
- dietary polyphenols
- estrogen receptor signaling