Interaction of dietary polyphenols with molecular signaling pathways of antiestrogen resistance: Possible role in breast cancer recurrence

Harini S. Aiyer, Kerrie B. Bouker, Katherine L. Cook, Caroline O.B. Facey, Rong Hu, Jessica L. Schwartz, Ayesha N. Shajahan, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, Robert Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women and its global incidence is rising rapidly. Adjuvant hormonal therapy, with antiestrogens (AE) such as tamoxifen and fulvestrant, is highly effective in the treatment of estrogen receptor-positive (ER + ) breast cancers and is largely responsible for the increase in survival rates seen in the past four decades. However, nearly 50 % of women with ER + cancer display de novo or acquired resistance to AE therapies. Potential molecular mechanisms driving the resistance phenotype are beginning to be elucidated, allowing further development of more effective therapeutic and preventive strategies to reduce the overall mortality due to breast cancer. Over 70 % of breast cancer survivors surveyed report increasing their comsumption of fruits, vegetables, and natural product supplements upon diagnosis. These are rich sources of dietary polyphenols (PPs) that can interact with cell-signaling pathways involved in the development of AE resistance. However, research on mechanisms by which these agents may affect AE resistance and whether PP intake can signifi cantly change breast cancer recurrence is limited. We summarize the available data on the effects of PPs on breast cancer recurrence and the interactions of these compounds with some of the signaling pathways hypothesized to drive cell death and survival involved in the development of AE resistance in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-141
Number of pages15
JournalHormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antiestrogen resistance
  • apoptosis
  • autophagy
  • dietary polyphenols
  • estrogen receptor signaling

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