Secretory granules of endocrine cells contain one or more of the acidic secretory proteins chromogranin A (secretory protein-I), chromogranin B (secretogranin I), and secretogranin II (chromogranin C). It has been proposed that these proteins play a role in the packaging of secretory products. In the present study, lysates of purified porcine adrenal chromaffin granules containing chromogranins A and B and a putative chromogranin B fragment bound calcium and formed aggregates in the presence of 10-20 mM calcium at pH 5-6 and at 100 mM or less KCl, NaCl, or norepinephrine. The precipitates contained virtually all of the chromogranin B and the chromogranin B fragment and about one-third of the chromogranin A. The aggregates did not form or were dissociated at the pH and salt concentration of the extracellular fluid. Calcium precipitated purified chromogranin A and chromogranin B from pure solution to the same extent as from the granule lysates. Parathormone, added to the lysates, was incorporated in the precipitates, whereas the acidic secretory protein ovalbumin and norepinephrine were not. These findings suggest that secretory protein-I and secretogranin can exist in situ as aggregates that may include selected secretory products.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 1989|