Association of annexin VI with membranes induced extensive clustering of acidic phospholipids as detected by self-quenching of fluorescent-labeled acidic phospholipids [Bazzi, M. D., & Nelsestuen, G. L. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 7961]. The present study examined the rates of protein-induced clustering of acidic phospholipids in membranes containing 10-15% fluorescent-labeled phosphatidic acid dispersed in phosphatidylcholine (PC) or phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Both membranes supported similar levels of protein-induced fluorescence quenching. With membranes containing PC, protein-membrane association and fluorescence quenching were rapid, and were virtually complete within seconds after the reagents were mixed. Membranes containing PE exhibited rapid protein-membrane association, but showed a fluorescence quenching that was several orders of magnitude slower than membranes containing PC. Calcium chelation resulted in rapid dissociation of protein-membrane complexes. Subsequent recovery of the fluorescence signal of both membranes was virtually complete, but the rate of fluorescence recovery was very different. The recovery was rapid in membranes containing PC, while PE-containing membranes showed slow recovery that approached the rate at which the fluorescent-labeled phosphatidic acid exchanged between vesicles. Thus, the presence of PE appeared to severely restrict dissipation of clustered phospholipids in membranes. Membranes containing PE, N-methyl-PE, N,N-dimethyl-PE, and PC showed successive increases in the rates of fluorescence quenching and recovery, suggesting that hydrogen bonding between head groups was the basis for this property. If the restricted dissipation of phosphatidic acid in PE membranes is a general property, the relative mobility of membrane components and even diffusion on interior cell membranes may be greatly influenced by this phenomenon.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1992|