Interaction between task demands and surface properties in the control of goal-oriented stance

Ludovic Marin, Benoît G. Bardy, Bernard Baumberger, Michelangelo Flückiger, Thomas A. Stoffregen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Standing subjects were asked to track the fore-aft motion of a target with their heads. Three support surface conditions (standard, foam, rollers) were crossed with three amplitudes of target motion. The relative phase φrel between angular motion of ankles and hips was analyzed. Two preferred patterns emerged; close to in-phase (φrel ≈ 0°), and close to anti-phase (φrel ≈ 180°). On the solid surface increasing target amplitude produced a change from in-phase to anti-phase coordination. There were no amplitude-related changes in hip-ankle relative phase on the rollers where only in-phase coordination was observed, or the foam (only anti-phase coordination). We conclude that (1) hip-ankle relative phase is useful for describing postural coordination, (2) 0° and 180° are two spontaneous coordination modes in the hip-ankle postural space, and (3) these modes emerge differentially under the mutual pressures of task and support surface properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-47
Number of pages17
JournalHuman Movement Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999


  • Constraint
  • Coordination
  • Posture
  • Relative phase
  • Stance
  • Surface


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