Interaction between ethnicity and helicobacter pylori infection in the occurrence of reflux disease

Amnon Sonnenberg, Kevin O. Turner, Robert M. Genta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background and Aims:Few reports are available to reliably assess the ethnic distribution of Barrett metaplasia and reflux esophagitis. The present study served to analyze the joint influence of Helicobacter pylori infection and patient demographics on the diagnoses of Barrett metaplasia and reflux esophagitis.Methods:The Inform Diagnostics database is a national electronic repository of histopathologic records of patients distributed throughout the United States. In a case-control study of 52,096 cases with Barrett metaplasia, 189,235 cases with reflux esophagitis, and 152,322 controls without any signs or symptoms suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease, we assessed the influence of age, gender, ethnicity, and H. pylori status on occurrence of Barrett metaplasia or reflux esophagitis.Results:Barrett metaplasia was less common among East Asians (with odds ratio, 0.48; 95% confidence interval, 0.44-0.53) and Hispanics (0.60, 0.57-0.63) than other ethnic groups living in the United States. Reflux esophagitis was also less common among East Asians (0.86, 0.82-0.90), but more common among Hispanics (1.18, 1.14-1.21). Both types of esophageal disease were associated with a lower prevalence rates of gastric H. pylori infection than controls, with 0.48, 0.44-0.53 for Barrett metaplasia and 0.60, 0.57-0.63 for reflux esophagitis. The prevalence rates of gastric H. pylori and both esophageal diseases were greater in older than younger and male than female patients in all ethnic groups alike.Conclusions:Gastric H. pylori infection, ethnicity, gender, and age all influence the occurrence of Barrett metaplasia, and reflux esophagitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-619
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of clinical gastroenterology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

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© 2020 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • Barrett esophagus
  • epidemiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • ethnicity
  • reflux esophagitis


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