Inter- and intraspecies competitive effects in reactions of chlorinated ethylenes with zero-valent iron in column reactors

W. A. Arnold, A. L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reaction kinetics are a key component of process models used to design Fe(0) permeable barriers employed to treat groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents. In this work, columns packed with a mixture of zero-valent iron and glass microbeads were used to assess whether the competitive effects observed in batch systems also occur in column reactors. As with the batch studies previously conducted, both inter- and intraspecies competition were observed, in qualitative agreement with predictions obtained from a modified Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) kinetic model in which species compete for a limited number of reactive sites. The observed changes in pseudo first-order rate 'constant' at different initial concentrations or in the presence of competitors could not be attributed to alterations in the transport properties of the column packing or to 'aging' of the iron. Numerical simulations were used to explore the consequences of applying a pseudo first-order kinetic model instead of the LHHW model. The results demonstrate that intraspecies competitive effects are sufficiently important to merit explicit consideration in permeable barrier design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-302
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Engineering Science
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Chlorinated ethylenes
  • Column reactor
  • Competitive effects
  • Iron
  • Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson kinetics
  • Permeable barriers
  • Zero-valent metals

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