The performance of larval walleyes Stizo-stedion vitreum that were produced out of season was compared with larvae produced during a regular season, using intensive culture methods. Wild-captured walleye adults were held in an earthen pond beginning in late November and then gradually transferred to higher water temperatures before ovulation was hormonally induced in February. A second batch of walleye larvae was obtained from a hatchery operation in April and otherwise reared in similar conditions. The two experiments were conducted to evaluate survival and growth of walleye larvae reared initially on live nauplii of brine shrimp Artemia salina and then gradually weaned to commercial diets. Larvae were stocked at 20 fish/L and raised in large (800-L) triplicate tanks provided with turbid water (40-50 nephelometric turbidity units) and surface sprays. Mean final weight of fish after 32 d of rearing from the first (February; 100.5 ± 17.5 mg) and second (April; 111.2 ± 18.0 mg) batch did not differ significantly, whereas survival was 6 ± 1.9% for juveniles produced out of season and 47 ± 1.6% for those produced during the regular season. The lower survival rate obtained with out-of-season juveniles can be attributed to somewhat altered egg quality, slightly different dietary regimes, and other physical variables. As these variables are optimized, the ability to sequentially wean two cohorts of juvenile walleyes to commercial diets in the same facility, while producing a 5-week growth advantage to one cohort, may become of significance to aquaculture.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||North American Journal of Aquaculture|
|State||Published - May 2000|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank D. Schmidt and the personnel of the Ohio Division of Wildlife for their help in collection of walleye broodstock in Lake Erie. This project was funded by the Ohio Sea Grant College Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NA 46RG0482 (RA-7). Funds were partly provided by the Ohio Agriculture Research and Development Center, Wooster, Ohio.