Integration of lead-free ferroelectric on HfO2/Si (100) for high performance non-volatile memory applications

Souvik Kundu, Deepam Maurya, Michael Clavel, Yuan Zhou, Nripendra N. Halder, Mantu K. Hudait, Pallab Banerji, Shashank Priya

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44 Scopus citations


We introduce a novel lead-free ferroelectric thin film (1-x)BaTiO3-xBa(Cu1/3 Nb2/3)O3 (x = 0.025) (BT-BCN) integrated on to HfO2 buffered Si for non-volatile memory (NVM) applications. Piezoelectric force microscopy (PFM), x-ray diffraction, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy were employed to establish the ferroelectricity in BT-BCN thin films. PFM study reveals that the domains reversal occurs with 180° phase change by applying external voltage, demonstrating its effectiveness for NVM device applications. X-ray photoelectron microscopy was used to investigate the band alignments between atomic layer deposited HfO2 and pulsed laser deposited BT-BCN films. Programming and erasing operations were explained on the basis of band-alignments. The structure offers large memory window, low leakage current, and high and low capacitance values that were easily distinguishable even after ~106 s, indicating strong charge storage potential. This study explains a new approach towards the realization of ferroelectric based memory devices integrated on Si platform and also opens up a new possibility to embed the system within current complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor processing technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8494
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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© 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited.


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