Integrating Ethnography and Hunting Sustainability Modeling for Primate Conservation in an Indigenous Reserve in Guyana

Christopher A. Shaffer, Marissa S. Milstein, Phillip Suse, Elisha Marawanaru, Charakura Yukuma, Tiffany M Wolf, Dominic A Travis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Indigenous reserves are increasingly common throughout the tropical world. This is particularly true in Amazonia, where they make up >50% of protected land area. While these reserves offer tremendous opportunities for conservation, hunting represents a considerable threat to primate populations. As eliminating hunting may not be feasible, conservationists must work collaboratively with indigenous groups to promote sustainable management. This requires an understanding of the sociocultural drivers of hunting, quantitatively assessing sustainability, and developing co-management strategies that are commensurable with indigenous ontologies. In this article, we integrate ethnography with sustainability modeling to assess the importance of primate hunting to the livelihoods and culture of indigenous Waiwai in the Konashen Community-Owned Conservation Area, Guyana and to simultaneously promote sustainable co-management. We collected quantitative data on Waiwai harvesting through hunter self-monitoring and used semistructured interviews, unstructured interviews, and participant observation to understand the cultural importance of hunting to Waiwai society. We incorporated these data into spatially explicit biodemographic models to assess sustainability for four primate species. Primates, particularly spider monkeys (Ateles pansicus), were among the most important Waiwai prey and primate hunting played an important role in the construction of both individual and collective Waiwai identity. Our biodemographic models indicated that hunting will cause relatively little depletion for most primates in 20 years, although spider monkeys are predicted to disappear from a majority of the Waiwai catchment area. We argue that successful co-management of hunting in indigenous reserves requires truly integrative approaches that combine quantitative sustainability assessments with detailed concurrent ethnographic research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-968
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Primatology
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Guyana
anthropology
primate
hunting
Primates
sustainability
collaborative management
comanagement
modeling
monkeys
Araneae
interviews
spider
Ateles
Amazonia
livelihood
ethnography
conservation areas
protected area
monitoring

Keywords

  • Bushmeat hunting
  • Community conservation
  • Ontology
  • Waiwai

Cite this

Integrating Ethnography and Hunting Sustainability Modeling for Primate Conservation in an Indigenous Reserve in Guyana. / Shaffer, Christopher A.; Milstein, Marissa S.; Suse, Phillip; Marawanaru, Elisha; Yukuma, Charakura; Wolf, Tiffany M; Travis, Dominic A.

In: International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 39, No. 5, 01.10.2018, p. 945-968.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shaffer, Christopher A. ; Milstein, Marissa S. ; Suse, Phillip ; Marawanaru, Elisha ; Yukuma, Charakura ; Wolf, Tiffany M ; Travis, Dominic A. / Integrating Ethnography and Hunting Sustainability Modeling for Primate Conservation in an Indigenous Reserve in Guyana. In: International Journal of Primatology. 2018 ; Vol. 39, No. 5. pp. 945-968.
@article{ba32535b46c64e20bf4ad09998618a03,
title = "Integrating Ethnography and Hunting Sustainability Modeling for Primate Conservation in an Indigenous Reserve in Guyana",
abstract = "Indigenous reserves are increasingly common throughout the tropical world. This is particularly true in Amazonia, where they make up >50{\%} of protected land area. While these reserves offer tremendous opportunities for conservation, hunting represents a considerable threat to primate populations. As eliminating hunting may not be feasible, conservationists must work collaboratively with indigenous groups to promote sustainable management. This requires an understanding of the sociocultural drivers of hunting, quantitatively assessing sustainability, and developing co-management strategies that are commensurable with indigenous ontologies. In this article, we integrate ethnography with sustainability modeling to assess the importance of primate hunting to the livelihoods and culture of indigenous Waiwai in the Konashen Community-Owned Conservation Area, Guyana and to simultaneously promote sustainable co-management. We collected quantitative data on Waiwai harvesting through hunter self-monitoring and used semistructured interviews, unstructured interviews, and participant observation to understand the cultural importance of hunting to Waiwai society. We incorporated these data into spatially explicit biodemographic models to assess sustainability for four primate species. Primates, particularly spider monkeys (Ateles pansicus), were among the most important Waiwai prey and primate hunting played an important role in the construction of both individual and collective Waiwai identity. Our biodemographic models indicated that hunting will cause relatively little depletion for most primates in 20 years, although spider monkeys are predicted to disappear from a majority of the Waiwai catchment area. We argue that successful co-management of hunting in indigenous reserves requires truly integrative approaches that combine quantitative sustainability assessments with detailed concurrent ethnographic research.",
keywords = "Bushmeat hunting, Community conservation, Ontology, Waiwai",
author = "Shaffer, {Christopher A.} and Milstein, {Marissa S.} and Phillip Suse and Elisha Marawanaru and Charakura Yukuma and Wolf, {Tiffany M} and Travis, {Dominic A}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10764-018-0066-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "945--968",
journal = "International Journal of Primatology",
issn = "0164-0291",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrating Ethnography and Hunting Sustainability Modeling for Primate Conservation in an Indigenous Reserve in Guyana

AU - Shaffer, Christopher A.

AU - Milstein, Marissa S.

AU - Suse, Phillip

AU - Marawanaru, Elisha

AU - Yukuma, Charakura

AU - Wolf, Tiffany M

AU - Travis, Dominic A

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Indigenous reserves are increasingly common throughout the tropical world. This is particularly true in Amazonia, where they make up >50% of protected land area. While these reserves offer tremendous opportunities for conservation, hunting represents a considerable threat to primate populations. As eliminating hunting may not be feasible, conservationists must work collaboratively with indigenous groups to promote sustainable management. This requires an understanding of the sociocultural drivers of hunting, quantitatively assessing sustainability, and developing co-management strategies that are commensurable with indigenous ontologies. In this article, we integrate ethnography with sustainability modeling to assess the importance of primate hunting to the livelihoods and culture of indigenous Waiwai in the Konashen Community-Owned Conservation Area, Guyana and to simultaneously promote sustainable co-management. We collected quantitative data on Waiwai harvesting through hunter self-monitoring and used semistructured interviews, unstructured interviews, and participant observation to understand the cultural importance of hunting to Waiwai society. We incorporated these data into spatially explicit biodemographic models to assess sustainability for four primate species. Primates, particularly spider monkeys (Ateles pansicus), were among the most important Waiwai prey and primate hunting played an important role in the construction of both individual and collective Waiwai identity. Our biodemographic models indicated that hunting will cause relatively little depletion for most primates in 20 years, although spider monkeys are predicted to disappear from a majority of the Waiwai catchment area. We argue that successful co-management of hunting in indigenous reserves requires truly integrative approaches that combine quantitative sustainability assessments with detailed concurrent ethnographic research.

AB - Indigenous reserves are increasingly common throughout the tropical world. This is particularly true in Amazonia, where they make up >50% of protected land area. While these reserves offer tremendous opportunities for conservation, hunting represents a considerable threat to primate populations. As eliminating hunting may not be feasible, conservationists must work collaboratively with indigenous groups to promote sustainable management. This requires an understanding of the sociocultural drivers of hunting, quantitatively assessing sustainability, and developing co-management strategies that are commensurable with indigenous ontologies. In this article, we integrate ethnography with sustainability modeling to assess the importance of primate hunting to the livelihoods and culture of indigenous Waiwai in the Konashen Community-Owned Conservation Area, Guyana and to simultaneously promote sustainable co-management. We collected quantitative data on Waiwai harvesting through hunter self-monitoring and used semistructured interviews, unstructured interviews, and participant observation to understand the cultural importance of hunting to Waiwai society. We incorporated these data into spatially explicit biodemographic models to assess sustainability for four primate species. Primates, particularly spider monkeys (Ateles pansicus), were among the most important Waiwai prey and primate hunting played an important role in the construction of both individual and collective Waiwai identity. Our biodemographic models indicated that hunting will cause relatively little depletion for most primates in 20 years, although spider monkeys are predicted to disappear from a majority of the Waiwai catchment area. We argue that successful co-management of hunting in indigenous reserves requires truly integrative approaches that combine quantitative sustainability assessments with detailed concurrent ethnographic research.

KW - Bushmeat hunting

KW - Community conservation

KW - Ontology

KW - Waiwai

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055698396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055698396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10764-018-0066-2

DO - 10.1007/s10764-018-0066-2

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 945

EP - 968

JO - International Journal of Primatology

JF - International Journal of Primatology

SN - 0164-0291

IS - 5

ER -