Integrating Cybernetic Big Five Theory with the free energy principle: A new strategy for modeling personalities as complex systems

Adam Safron, Colin G. DeYoung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cybernetics is the study of goal-directed systems that self-regulate via feedback, a category that includes human beings. Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) attempts to explain personality in cybernetic terms, conceptualizing personality traits as manifestations of variation in parameters of the neural mechanisms that evolved to facilitate cybernetic control. The Free Energy Principle and Active Inference framework (FEP-AI) is an overarching approach for understanding how it is that complex systems manage to persist in a world governed by the second law of thermodynamics-the inevitable tendency toward entropy. Although these two cybernetic theories were developed independently, they overlap in their theoretical foundations and implications and are complementary in their approaches to understanding persons. FEP-AI contributes a potentially valuable formal modeling framework for CB5T, while CB5T provides detail about the science and structure of personality. In this chapter, we explore how CB5T and FEP-AI may begin to be integrated into a unified approach to modeling persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMeasuring and Modeling Persons and Situations
PublisherElsevier
Pages617-649
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9780128192009
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Active inference
  • CB5T
  • Cybernetics
  • Free energy principle
  • Generative models

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