Integrated population models reveal local weather conditions are the key drivers of population dynamics in an aerial insectivore

Mitch D. Weegman, Todd W. Arnold, Russell D. Dawson, David W. Winkler, Robert G. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Changes to weather patterns under a warming climate are complex: while warmer temperatures are expected virtually worldwide, decreased mean precipitation is expected at mid-latitudes. Migratory birds depend on broad-scale weather patterns to inform timing of movements, but may be more susceptible to local weather patterns during sedentary periods. We constructed Bayesian integrated population models (IPMs) to assess whether continental or local weather effects best explained population dynamics in an environmentally sensitive aerial insectivorous bird, the tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor), along a transcontinental gradient from British Columbia to Saskatchewan to New York, and tested whether population dynamics were synchronous among sites. Little consistency existed among sites in the demographic rates most affecting population growth rate or in correlations among rates. Juvenile apparent survival at all sites was stable over time and greatest in New York, whereas adult apparent survival was more variable among years and sites, and greatest in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Fledging success was greatest in Saskatchewan. Local weather conditions explained significant variation in adult survival in Saskatchewan and fledging success in New York, corroborating the hypothesis that local more than continental weather drives the population dynamics of this species and, therefore, demographic synchrony measured at three sites was limited. Nonetheless, multi-population IPMs can be a powerful tool for identifying correlated population trajectories caused by synchronous demographic rates, and can pinpoint the scale at which environmental drivers are responsible for changes. We caution against applying uniform conservation actions for populations where synchrony does not occur or is not fully understood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalOecologia
Volume185
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Capture-mark-recapture
  • Climate change
  • Demography
  • Horvitz–Thompson estimator
  • Long-distance migrant bird

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