The use of primary β-cells in biochemical and molecular research is limited by the availability of pancreatic endocrine tissue. Numerous investigators have attempted to establish an insulin-secreting cell line that retains normal regulation of insulin secretion. Different approaches have been used, including induction of pancreatic tumours by irradiation or viral infection, immortalization of β-cells in vitro, and development of transgenic mice with targeted expression of a recombinant oncogene in the β-cell. Few of these attempts have proven successful, because cell differentiation and proliferation capacities are mutually exclusive. The most widely used insulin-secreting cell lines are RIN, HIT, βTC, MIN6 and INS-1 cells. These cells contain mainly insulin and small amounts of glucagon and somatostatin. RIN cells, except for the subclone RIN-38, are not glucose-responsive. HIT cells and βTC cells secrete insulin in response to glucose, but their dose-response curve is markedly shifted to the left. MIN6, INS-1 and a newly available subclone of βTC cells (βTC-6 F7) are reported to retain normal regulation of glucose-induced insulin secretion. Although the behaviour of none of these cell lines perfectly mimics primary β-cell physiology, they are extremely valuable tools for the study of molecular events underlying β-cell function and dysfunction. In addition, insulin-secreting cell lines represent a potential source of transplantable tissue to overcome the limited availability of primary islets for this procedure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Diabetes and Metabolism|
|State||Published - Feb 1996|
- cell line
- diabetes mellitus