Dysregulated signaling contributes to altered cellular growth, motility, and survival during cancer progression. We have evaluated the ability of several factors to stimulate migration in WM1341D, a cell line derived from an invasive human vertical growth phase melanoma. Basic fibroblast growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, interleukin-8, and CCL27 each slightly increased migration. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), however, stimulated a 15-fold increase in migration. This response required the IGF-I receptor, which activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) pathways. Both pathways have been implicated in migration in a variety of cell types, but the signaling required for IGF-I-induced melanoma cell migration is not well defined. IGF-I-stimulated activation of MAPK/ERK signaling in WM1341D cells was inhibited by U0126, but a 33-fold higher dose of U0126 was needed to inhibit IGF-I-stimulated cellular migration. In contrast, similar concentrations of either wortmannin or LY294002 were required to inhibit both IGF-I-induced PI3K activation and migration. These results indicate that IGF-I-stimulated migration of WM1341D cells requires PI3K activation but is independent of MAPK/ERK signaling. Determining the contributions of IGF-I signaling pathways to migration will help us to understand melanoma progression and may lead to new therapeutic targets of this highly metastatic cancer.
- Insulin-like growth factor I
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-regulated kinase
- Phosphoinoinositide 3-kinase