The breast cancer malignant phenotype is regulated by steroid hormones and peptide growth factors. We have shown previously that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates cell motility in a metastatic cell line, MDA-231BO. In this study, we show that neutralization of IGF action by a type I IGF receptor (IGFR1) blocking antibody or neutralization of IGF-I by IGFBP-1 reduced cell motility. However, in addition to inhibiting IGF effects, IGFBP-1 also diminished basal motility. Because IGFBP-1 contains a RGD motif important in binding of fibronectin to its α5β1 integrin receptor, we examined the effect of inhibiting integrin function on cell motility. As expected, disruption of fibronectin-integrin interactions interrupted basal motility in MDA-231BO cells. In addition, disruption of integrin function by an α5β1 blocking peptide also inhibited IGF stimulation of cell motility. To determine whether integrin function could interfere with IGF signaling, we used an α5β1 blocking peptide to show that in MDA-231BO cells integrin occupancy appeared necessary for phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-2 but not for IGFR1 activation. We conclude that IGFR1 and integrin action are linked in these breast cancer cells as disruption of integrin binding to its receptor influences IGF signaling pathways. Moreover, IGFBP-1 could have dual effects on cancer cell motility by disrupting both receptor systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2002|