Insulin and metabolic efficiency in rats. I. Effects of sucrose feeding and BAT axotomy

T. J. Bartness, C. J. Billington, A. S. Levine, J. E. Morley, D. M. Brown, N. E. Rowland

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of insulin and brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis in metabolic efficiency (ME, the efficiency of body wt gain) was examined in rats with varied basal insulin status. Long-lasting insulin was administered using a protocol that did not alter food intake, yet increased ME in both groups. Half the rats were fed sucrose to stimulate BAT growth and thermogenesis. Insulin overrode the exaggerated decrease in ME in sucrose-fed diabetics, with only partial attenuation in controls. Interscapular BAT (IBAT) lipoprotein lipase activity was decreased in diabetic rats, restored by insulin treatment, and not affected in controls. Sucrose-fed diabetics and controls had their IBAT sham or bilaterally surgically denervated. Insulin decreased the thermogenic potential of BAT [cytochrome oxidase activity (COA)] in intact controls and diabetics; in the latter, insulin restored COA independent of BAT innvervation. We conclude that 1) insulin can increase ME without an associated increase in energy intake, regardless of basal insulin status, 2) both insulin deficiency and excess decrease BAT thermogenic potential (COA), and 3) hyperinsulinemia-induced increases in ME may result from decreased BAT mitochondrial proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1109-R1117
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume251
Issue number6 (20/6)
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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