Insufficient sleep in adolescence: Individual interventions and interventions that scale

Stephen Talsness, Conrad Iber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Biological changes to the circadian alignment of sleep during adolescence, coupled with myriad psychosocial and societal pressures, frequently result in insufficient sleep. This case highlights a 17-year-old male with difficulty waking in the morning that is absent on weekends related to social jet lag. Additionally, the onset of a depressive disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder coincides with changes to his sleep schedule with insufficient sleep and a misaligned schedule relative to circadian timing. Optimizing the timing of school activities and reducing evening screen time may improve sleep opportunity to match circadian timing in many adolescents better. In individuals with more severely delayed sleep-wake phase, morning bright light exposure and the timed administration of exogenous melatonin can increase sleep opportunity by advancing the sleep phase to align circadian timing better. Given the prevalence of this and related clinical scenarios, public health interventions to delay school start times and education on sleep and circadian biology would have a broader impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSleep Disorders in Selected Psychiatric Settings
Subtitle of host publicationA Clinical Casebook
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages75-80
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9783030593094
ISBN (Print)9783030593087
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Attention
  • Circadian
  • Delayed sleep-wake phase disorder
  • Insufficient sleep
  • Light therapy
  • Melatonin
  • Mood
  • Social determinants of health

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