Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
* I would like to acknowledge the substantial contributions made by the following people: Paul Addison, Lawrence Brown, Raymond Duvall, John Freeman, Fred Greenstein, Charles Hamilton, Jennifer Hochschild, Joel Krieger, Richard Pious, Julie Schumacher, Robert Sha-piro, Rosemary Stevens, and Charles Webster. I would also like to acknowledge research support from Oberlin College, the John F. Kennedy Foundation, and the Lyndon B. Johnson Foundation. 1 Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (London: Allen and Unwin, 1976). 2 Key, Public Opinion and American Democracy (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1961); Peter Evans and John Stephens, "Studying Development since the Sixties," Theory and Society 17, no. 5 (1988). 3 Although I refer to the British NHS Act of 1946, this act formally applied to England and Wales; Scotland was not incorporated into the "British" health service until the passage of the 1947 NHS Act.