We classify generic instabilities of wave trains in reaction-diffusion systems on the real line as the wavenumber and system parameters are varied. We find three types of robust instabilities: Hopf with nonzero modulational wavenumber, sideband and spatio-temporal period-doubling. Near a fold, the only other robust instability mechanism, we show that all wave trains are necessarily unstable. We also discuss the special cases of homogeneous oscillations and reflection symmetric, stationary Turing patterns.
- Classification of instabilities
- Reaction-diffusion systems
- Wave trains