This pilot study was conducted to determine the effect of an innovative reflecting interview on the health care utilization, physical health, mental function, and health care satisfaction of high-utilizing primary care patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms. Twenty-four high-utilizing patients met study selection criteria and were randomly assigned to a no-intervention control group or a reflecting interview intervention group. Outcomes were measured at 4 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after the date of study enrollment. Results indicated that high-utilizing patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms who participated in a reflecting interview had reduced total health care costs, primarily through the reduction of hospitalization or inpatient expenses, despite a modest increase in outpatient primary care clinic visits. These data suggest that participation in a reflecting interview and regular visits with a primary care clinician can decrease health care utilization without adversely affecting patient satisfaction.