Injury from dairy cattle activities

Debora Boyle, Susan G. Gerberich, Robert W. Gibson, George Maldonado, R. Ashley Robinson, Frank Martin, Colleen Renier, Harlan Amandus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Animals have been implicated as an important source of injury for farm household members. Little is known, however, about the specific activities associated with the animal/livestock operations that place a person at increased or decreased risk for injuries. The primary aim of this case- control study was to identity which dairy cattle operation activities (that is, milking, feeding, cleaning barns, trimming and treating feet, dehorning, assisting with difficult calvings, and doing treatments) were associated with an increased or decreased risk of injury. We found milking to have the greatest increase in risk for injury. The ratios for increasing hours per week spent at milking (0, 1-10, 11-20, 21-30, 31-63) were 1.0, 2.3, 5.5, 10.9, and 20.6, respectively. We also found an increased rate ratio associated with trimming or treating hooves (rate ratio = 4.2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997


  • agricultural injuries
  • dairy injuries
  • injuries/accidents
  • public health
  • work-related injuries


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