Injection of isolated mitochondria during early reperfusion for cardioprotection

James D. McCully, Douglas B. Cowan, Christina A. Pacak, Ioannis K. Toumpoulis, Haripriya Dayalan, Sidney Levitsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previously, we demonstrated that ischemia induces mitochondrial damage and dysfunction that persist throughout reperfusion and impact negatively on postischemic functional recovery and cellular viability. We hypothesized that viable respiration-competent mitochondria, isolated from tissue unaffected by ischemia and then injected into the ischemic zone just before reperfusion, would enhance postischemic functional recovery and limit infarct size. New Zealand White rabbits (n = 52) were subjected to 30 min of equilibrium and 30 min of regional ischemia (RI) induced by snaring the left anterior descending coronary artery. At 29 min of RI, the RI zone was injected with vehicle (sham control and RI vehicle) or vehicle containing mitochondria (7.7 × 106 ± 1.5 × 106/ml) isolated from donor rabbit left ventricular tissue (RI-Mito). The snare was released at 30 min of RI, and the hearts were reperfused for 120 min. Our results show that left ventricular peak developed pressure and systolic shortening in RI-Mito hearts were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05 vs. RI-vehicle) to 75% and 83% of equilibrium value, respectively, at 120 min of reperfusion compared with 57% and 62%, respectively, in RI-vehicle hearts. Creatine kinase-MB, cardiac troponin I, and infarct size relative to area at risk were significantly decreased in RI-Mito compared with RI-vehicle hearts (P < 0.05). Confocal microscopy showed that injected mitochondria were present and viable after 120 min of reperfusion and were distributed from the epicardium to the subendocardium. These results demonstrate that viable respiration-competent mitochondria, isolated from tissue unaffected by ischemia and then injected into the ischemic zone just before reperfusion, significantly enhance postischemic functional recovery and cellular viability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H94-H105
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume296
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Infarct
  • Ischemia

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