Inhibition of sickle erythrocyte adhesion to immobilized thrombospondin by von Willebrand factor under dynamic flow conditions

Gilda A. Barabino, Robert J. Wise, Valerie A. Woodbury, Beibing Zhang, Kenneth A. Bridges, Robert P. Hebbel, Jack Lawler, Bruce M. Ewenstein

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sickle red blood cell (RBC) adhesion to the blood vessel wall is hypothesized to be the initiating event in the periodic vaso-occlusive episodes that characterize sickle cell disease (SCD). Thrombospondin-1 (TSP) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) have each been implicated in the adhesion of sickle RBC to vascular endothelial cells (EC) and subendothelial matrices. To better understand the contributions of each of these adhesive glycoproteins, we examined the adhesion of sickle RBC to immobilized TSP and vWF using a parallel plate flow chamber. Under postcapillary venular shear stress (1 dyne/cm2), sickle RBC adhered preferentially to TSP. To explore potential interactive effects of vWF and TSP, we examined sickle RBC adhesion to mixtures of these proteins. Whether the proteins were first combined in solution or sequentially applied to the slide, the presence of vWF inhibited the binding of sickle RBC to TSP. The inhibition of adhesion by vWF was shown to be the result of specific and saturable binding of vWF to TSP. Furthermore, vWF in solution at normal plasma levels also inhibited RBC adhesion to immobilized TSP. These data indicate that sickle RBC adhesion in vivo may be significantly influenced by the relative concentrations of TSP and vWF in the vascular wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2560-2567
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume89
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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