Inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase by antipsychotic drugs

Jingru Hu, Jong Hwa Lee, Esam E El-Fakahany

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is rapidly accumulating evidence that generation of nitric oxide (NO) through a Ca2+ and calmodulin-dependent pathway plays various important roles in the central nervous system. In the present study, effects of several antipsychotics on the activity of NO synthase were investigated in rat cerebellum and neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells, due to the known ability of these agents to inhibit calmodulin. In cytosolic preparations of rat cerebellum, the antipsychotic drugs inhibited the conversion of [3H]l-arginine into [3H]l-citrulline by NO synthase in a concentration-dependent manner. This inhibition was noncompetitive in nature, and it exhibited an excellent correlation with blockade of calmodulin activity. Furthermore, these drugs attenuated cyclic GMP formation induced by a calcium ionophore in N1E-115 cells, a response which takes place as a consequence of NO generation. Taken together, our data demonstrate that antipsychotic drugs inhibit NO formation in vitro. It is unlikely, however, that these actions might contribute to their therapeutic and/or side effects, since they take place at relatively high concentrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

Keywords

  • Antipsychotics
  • Brain
  • Cyclic GMP
  • N1E-115 cells
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase

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