Inhibition of in vivo insulin secretion by prostaglandin E1

R. P. Robertson, D. J. Gavareski, D. Porte, E. L. Bierman

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73 Scopus citations


To determine the effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion upon in vivo insulin secretion, serum insulin responses after an intravenous glucose pulse (2 g) were measured before and during an intravenous infusion of PGE1 (10 μg/min) in 11 anesthetized dogs. Circulating insulin decreased significantly during PGE1 infusion, and insulin responses after glucose during PGE1 infusion were significantly less than control responses. Three dogs received PGE1 infusions into the thoracic aorta to preclude pulmonic and hepatic degradation of PGE1 before its arrival at the pancreatic artery; inhibition of insulin secretion was again seen. Inhibition of insulin secretion could not be related to the degree of arterial hypotension induced by intravenous PGE1, and despite alpha adrenergic blockade with intravenous phentolamine, PGE1 induced inhibition of glucose stimulated insulin responses persisted. Significant increments in systemically circulating PGE levels during intravenous PGE1 infusions were documented by radioimmunoassay. These studies demonstrate that systemic PGE1 infusion inhibits insulin secretion and that this effect could not be shown to be dependent upon alpha adrenergic activity. (16 references.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-315
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1974


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