Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF1) is a cytoplasmic scaffold protein shown to influence immune responses in macrophages and microglial cells. The protein contains Ca2+ binding EF-hand and PDZ interaction domains important for mediating intracellular signaling complexes. This study now reports that AIF1 is expressed in CD11c+ dendritic cells (DC) and silencing of expression restrains induction of antigen-specific CD4+ T cell effector responses. AIF1 knockdown in murine DC resulted in impaired T cell proliferation and skewed polarization away from T helper type 1 and 17 fates. In turn, there was a parallel expansion of IL-10-producing and CD25+Foxp3+ T regulatory subsets. These studies are the first to demonstrate that AIF1 expression in DC serves as a potent governor of cognate T cell responses and presents a novel target for engineering tolerogenic DC-based immunotherapies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful to Franklin Ampy, Naomi L. Haddock, and Winston Anderson for assistance with statistical analyses and revision of the document. This work was funded, in part, by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (grant #1SC2GM103741), Department of Defense (grant #W911NF-14-1-0123), and National Science Foundation (grant #1428768).
© 2017 Elizondo, Andargie, Yang, Kacsinta and Lipscomb.
- Dendritic cells
- T regulatory cells