Inhibiting tumor growth by targeting tumor vasculature with galectin-1 antagonist anginex conjugated to the cytotoxic acylfulvene, 6- hydroxylpropylacylfulvene

Ruud P.M. Dings, Emily S. Van Laar, Melissa Loren, Jeremy Webber, Yan Zhang, Stephen J. Waters, John R. MacDonald, Kevin H Mayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Targeted delivery of therapeutic drugs promises to become the norm to treat cancer. Here, we conjugated the cytotoxic agent 6-hydroxypropylacylfulvene (HPAF) to anginex, a peptide that targets galectin-1, which is highly expressed in endothelial cells of tumor vessels. In a human ovarian cancer model in mice, the conjugate inhibited tumor growth better than equivalent doses of either compound alone. Immunofluorescence on tumor tissue demonstrated that the conjugate, like parent anginex, selectively targeted tumor vasculature and inhibited tumor angiogenesis. Increased activity from the conjugate further suggests that HPAF retains at least some of its normal cytotoxic activity when linked to anginex. More importantly perhaps is the observation that the conjugate abrogates apparent systemic toxicity from treatment with HPAF. This work contributes to the development of tumor vascular targeting agents against cancer in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-27
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2010

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