Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus

Guowei Zhang, Shenyang Huang, Andrey Chaves, Chaoyu Song, V. Ongun Özçelik, Tony Low, Hugen Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Black phosphorus is an infrared layered material. Its bandgap complements other widely studied two-dimensional materials: zero-gap graphene and visible/near-infrared gap transition metal dichalcogenides. Although highly desirable, a comprehensive infrared characterization is still lacking. Here we report a systematic infrared study of mechanically exfoliated few-layer black phosphorus, with thickness ranging from 2 to 15 layers and photon energy spanning from 0.25 to 1.36 eV. Each few-layer black phosphorus exhibits a thickness-dependent unique infrared spectrum with a series of absorption resonances, which reveals the underlying electronic structure evolution and serves as its infrared fingerprints. Surprisingly, unexpected absorption features, which are associated with the forbidden optical transitions, have been observed. Furthermore, we unambiguously demonstrate that controllable uniaxial strain can be used as a convenient and effective approach to tune the electronic structure of few-layer black phosphorus. Our study paves the way for black phosphorus applications in infrared photonics and optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14071
JournalNature communications
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2017

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Dermatoglyphics
Phosphorus
phosphorus
Infrared radiation
Optics and Photonics
electronic structure
Electronic structure
axial strain
Graphite
Photons
optical transition
complement
Optical transitions
graphene
infrared spectra
Metals
transition metals
photonics
Optoelectronic devices
Photonics

Cite this

Zhang, G., Huang, S., Chaves, A., Song, C., Özçelik, V. O., Low, T., & Yan, H. (2017). Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus. Nature communications, 8, [14071]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14071

Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus. / Zhang, Guowei; Huang, Shenyang; Chaves, Andrey; Song, Chaoyu; Özçelik, V. Ongun; Low, Tony; Yan, Hugen.

In: Nature communications, Vol. 8, 14071, 06.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, G, Huang, S, Chaves, A, Song, C, Özçelik, VO, Low, T & Yan, H 2017, 'Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus', Nature communications, vol. 8, 14071. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14071
Zhang G, Huang S, Chaves A, Song C, Özçelik VO, Low T et al. Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus. Nature communications. 2017 Jan 6;8. 14071. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14071
Zhang, Guowei ; Huang, Shenyang ; Chaves, Andrey ; Song, Chaoyu ; Özçelik, V. Ongun ; Low, Tony ; Yan, Hugen. / Infrared fingerprints of few-layer black phosphorus. In: Nature communications. 2017 ; Vol. 8.
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