Influence of two amounts of dietary casein on uric acid, sodium urate, and ammonium urate urinary activity product ratios of healthy beagles.

J. W. Bartges, Carl A Osborne, L. J. Felice, C. Brown, T. A. Allen, L. Koehler, L. Unger, K. Bird, M. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Casein has been used as a protein source in diets designed to dissolve canine ammonium urate uroliths and to prevent their recurrence, because it contains fewer purine precursors than do many other sources of protein. However, an important question is whether reduced quantities of dietary casein have any benefit in modifying saturation of urine with urates. To answer this question, activity product ratios of uric acid, sodium urate, and ammonium urate were determined in 24-hour urine samples produced by 6 healthy Beagles during periods of consumption of a 10.4% protein, casein-based (10.4% casein) diet and a 20.8% protein, casein-based (20.8%casein) diet. Significantly lower 24-hour urinary excretions of ammonia and phosphorus were observed when dogs consumed the 10.4% casein diet. These results suggest that use of the 10.4% casein diet in protocols designed for dissolution and prevention of uric acid, sodium urate, and ammonium urate uroliths in dogs may be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-897
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume56
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1995

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