Influence of social goal orientations and peers on unsportsmanlike play

Cheryl P. Stuntz, Maureen R. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The present study was designed to examine the influence of personal (i.e., social goal orientations or definitions of success that include interpersonal relationships) and situational (i.e., peer influence) factors on decisions surrounding unsportsmanlike play. Middle school students (ages 11-15 years) completed a measure to assess task, ego, and social goal orientations. Participants also read scenarios about unsportsmanlike actions and responded to questions tapping the intention to perform those actions. A series of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that in certain peer contexts, social goal orientations influenced unsportsmanlike play responses above and beyond the contribution of task and ego goal orientations. Results varied for boys and girls and provide support for including social goal orientations in achievement motivation research in the physical domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-435
Number of pages15
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Achievement goals
  • Friendship
  • Group acceptance
  • Moral development


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