Influence of pressurization rate on borehole breakdown pressure in impermeable rocks

Dmitriy Garagash, Emmanuel M Detournay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper investigates the dependence of breakdown pressure, the critical pressure at which tensile failure is initiated at the borehole wall by fluid injection, on the rate of pressurization. The mathematical model explicitly accounts for the existence of micro-cracks at the borehole wall that trigger the failure process. Breakdown, in this context, occurs when the stress intensity factor of a critically oriented micro-crack reaches the rock toughness. The model is presently restricted to low-permeability/low-porosity rocks. By considering one-dimensional lubrication flow in the crack coupled with the non-local elastic response of the crack, the evolution of the net pressure, crack opening and stress intensity factor is obtained as functions of the pressurization rate. The relation between breakdown pressure and pressurization rate in the case of zero initial net pressure is shown to be controlled by only one dimensionless number: The ratio between the initial width of the unstressed micro-crack and the induced elastic opening at failure. It is shown that (i) the fluid pressure in the early stages of the pressurization history drops in the crack and that cavitation can occur, and (ii) local back-flow in the crack occurs. The dependence of breakdown pressure, pb, on the pressurization rate, A, is determined as well as the range of A, where p& varies significantly. The lower and upper bounds of this range of pressurization rate correspond to limiting regimes of slow and fast pressurization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, NARM 1996
Editors Hassani, Mitri, Aubertin
PublisherAmerican Rock Mechanics Association (ARMA)
Pages1075-1080
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)905410838X, 9789054108382
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Event2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, NARM 1996 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jun 19 1996Jun 21 1996

Publication series

Name2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, NARM 1996

Other

Other2nd North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, NARM 1996
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period6/19/966/21/96

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of pressurization rate on borehole breakdown pressure in impermeable rocks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this