Influence of ovarian hormones on strength loss in healthy and dystrophic female mice

Allison M. Kosir, Tara L. Mader, Angela G. Greising, Susan A. Novotny, Kristen A. Baltgalvis, Dawn A. Lowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose The primary objective of this study was to determine whether strength loss and recovery after eccentric contractions are impaired in healthy and dystrophic female mice with low levels of ovarian hormones. Methods Female C57BL/6 (wild-type) or mdx mice were randomly assigned to ovarian-intact (Sham) and ovariectomized (Ovx) groups. Anterior crural muscles were tested for susceptibility to injury from 150 or 50 eccentric contractions in wild-type and mdx mice, respectively. An additional experiment challenged mdx mice with a 2-wk treadmill running protocol followed by an eccentric contraction injury to posterior crural muscles. Functional recovery from injury was evaluated in wild-type mice by measuring isometric torque 3, 7, 14, or 21 d after injury. Results Ovarian hormone deficiency in wild-type mice did not affect susceptibility to injury because the ∼50% isometric torque loss after eccentric contractions did not differ between Sham and Ovx mice (P = 0.121). Similarly, in mdx mice, hormone deficiency did not affect the percent of preinjury isometric torque lost by anterior crural muscles after eccentric contractions (P = 0.952), but the percent of preinjury torque in posterior crural muscles was lower in Ovx than in Sham mice (P = 0.014). Recovery from injury in wild-type mice was affected by hormone deficiency. Sham mice recovered preinjury isometric strength by 14 d (96% ± 2%), whereas Ovx mice maintained deficits at 14 and 21 d after injury (80% ± 3% and 84% ± 2%, P < 0.001). Conclusions Ovarian hormone status did not affect the vulnerability of skeletal muscle to strength loss after eccentric contractions. However, ovarian hormone deficiency did impair the recovery of muscle strength in female mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1177-1187
Number of pages11
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 4 2015

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by the American College of Sports Medicine.


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