Influence of mineral fraction on the rheological properties of forsterite + enstatite during grain-size-sensitive creep: 2. Deformation experiments

Miki Tasaka, Takehiko Hiraga, Mark E. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to understand the effects of secondary minerals on the flow properties of rocks, we have conducted uniaxial compression experiments on polycrystalline forsterite (Fo) + enstatite (En) samples. At constant temperature and strain rate, the flow stress of the samples decreases with increasing enstatite volume fraction (fEn) for samples with 0 < fEn < 0.5 and increases with increasing fEn for samples with 0.5 < fEn < 1. The values of the preexponential term, stress and grain size exponents, and activation energy in the constitutive equation for a wide range of fEn were determined. Samples with a low fEn(≤0.03) deformed at strain rates of 2 × 10-5 to 2 × 10-4/s exhibit creep characteristics that correspond to dislocation-accommodated grain boundary sliding creep (i.e., stress exponent, n = 3), whereas diffusion-accommodated grain boundary sliding creep is typical of high fEn samples (i.e., stress exponent, n = 1). The change of flow strength as a function of fEn during grain-size-sensitive creep is primarily due to changes in grain size of both phases and secondarily due to changes in the volume fraction of phases with different flow strengths. Viscosities of all samples can be reproduced in a viscosity model that takes into account (1) the grain sizes estimated by the grain growth laws established in our part 1 paper and (2) flow laws determined for the individual phases, in this case, forsterite and enstatite. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our model can be extended to make predictions of viscosity in other mineral assemblages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3991-4012
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume118
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • enstatite
  • flow strength
  • forsterite
  • grain size-sensitive creep
  • mantle
  • secondary phase

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of mineral fraction on the rheological properties of forsterite + enstatite during grain-size-sensitive creep: 2. Deformation experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this