Influence of Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions on electrical and dielectric properties, thermopower and Mössbauer spectra of rutile-type Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9)

A. Günther, R. Hochleitner, E. Schmidbauer, A. Schöttler-Himmel, Michael W Volk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Various electrical and dielectric properties were measured on rutile-type compositions Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9) between ≈ 100 K and 750 K using impedance spectroscopy. DC conductivity σDC shows Arrhenius behavior for the bulk above room temperature (RT) for all x values. Starting from x = 0, there is a considerable change in activation energy EA and σDC(300 K) between x = 0.1 and 0.2 with increase from EA ≈ 0.3–0.6 eV, accompanied by a fall in σDC(300 K) from ≈10−4 to 10−8 Ω−1cm−1; for x > 0.2 no considerable further variation with rising x is established. For x ≤ 0.1, below RT Mott's variable range hopping T−1/4 law is obeyed for σDC. The known relaxor-type behavior of the dielectric constant ε′ for x = 0 with very high peaks at 500–600 K for low frequencies (163 Hz-6 kHz) changes with rising x to consecutively lower values in ε′ with disappearance of the peaks and with the largest values at the highest applied temperatures; the relaxor-type behavior can originate from a combination of bulk, grain boundary and sample-electrode effects. Below RT, a dramatic decrease in ε′ is noted for low x values, resulting finally at ≈ 100 K for compositions of any x in the bulk value of ε’ < 15. The thermopower above RT is negative, hence n-type conduction occurs and charge transport is attributed to small polaron hopping. 57Fe Mössbauer parameters exhibit some irregularities between x = 0.05 and 0.2, ascribed predominantly to the influence of local distortions by Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages343-351
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Thermoelectric power
rutile
Dielectric properties
dielectric properties
Electric properties
electrical properties
Ions
room temperature
ions
Temperature
Gene Conversion
irregularities
Chemical analysis
grain boundaries
direct current
impedance
permittivity
Charge transfer
activation energy
low frequencies

Keywords

  • Dielectric capacitance
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Relaxor ferroelectrics

Cite this

Influence of Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions on electrical and dielectric properties, thermopower and Mössbauer spectra of rutile-type Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9). / Günther, A.; Hochleitner, R.; Schmidbauer, E.; Schöttler-Himmel, A.; Volk, Michael W.

In: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 124, 01.01.2019, p. 343-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Various electrical and dielectric properties were measured on rutile-type compositions Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9) between ≈ 100 K and 750 K using impedance spectroscopy. DC conductivity σDC shows Arrhenius behavior for the bulk above room temperature (RT) for all x values. Starting from x = 0, there is a considerable change in activation energy EA and σDC(300 K) between x = 0.1 and 0.2 with increase from EA ≈ 0.3–0.6 eV, accompanied by a fall in σDC(300 K) from ≈10−4 to 10−8 Ω−1cm−1; for x > 0.2 no considerable further variation with rising x is established. For x ≤ 0.1, below RT Mott's variable range hopping T−1/4 law is obeyed for σDC. The known relaxor-type behavior of the dielectric constant ε′ for x = 0 with very high peaks at 500–600 K for low frequencies (163 Hz-6 kHz) changes with rising x to consecutively lower values in ε′ with disappearance of the peaks and with the largest values at the highest applied temperatures; the relaxor-type behavior can originate from a combination of bulk, grain boundary and sample-electrode effects. Below RT, a dramatic decrease in ε′ is noted for low x values, resulting finally at ≈ 100 K for compositions of any x in the bulk value of ε’ < 15. The thermopower above RT is negative, hence n-type conduction occurs and charge transport is attributed to small polaron hopping. 57Fe M{\"o}ssbauer parameters exhibit some irregularities between x = 0.05 and 0.2, ascribed predominantly to the influence of local distortions by Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions.",
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T1 - Influence of Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions on electrical and dielectric properties, thermopower and Mössbauer spectra of rutile-type Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9)

AU - Günther, A.

AU - Hochleitner, R.

AU - Schmidbauer, E.

AU - Schöttler-Himmel, A.

AU - Volk, Michael W

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AB - Various electrical and dielectric properties were measured on rutile-type compositions Fe1-xMnxNbTiO6 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.9) between ≈ 100 K and 750 K using impedance spectroscopy. DC conductivity σDC shows Arrhenius behavior for the bulk above room temperature (RT) for all x values. Starting from x = 0, there is a considerable change in activation energy EA and σDC(300 K) between x = 0.1 and 0.2 with increase from EA ≈ 0.3–0.6 eV, accompanied by a fall in σDC(300 K) from ≈10−4 to 10−8 Ω−1cm−1; for x > 0.2 no considerable further variation with rising x is established. For x ≤ 0.1, below RT Mott's variable range hopping T−1/4 law is obeyed for σDC. The known relaxor-type behavior of the dielectric constant ε′ for x = 0 with very high peaks at 500–600 K for low frequencies (163 Hz-6 kHz) changes with rising x to consecutively lower values in ε′ with disappearance of the peaks and with the largest values at the highest applied temperatures; the relaxor-type behavior can originate from a combination of bulk, grain boundary and sample-electrode effects. Below RT, a dramatic decrease in ε′ is noted for low x values, resulting finally at ≈ 100 K for compositions of any x in the bulk value of ε’ < 15. The thermopower above RT is negative, hence n-type conduction occurs and charge transport is attributed to small polaron hopping. 57Fe Mössbauer parameters exhibit some irregularities between x = 0.05 and 0.2, ascribed predominantly to the influence of local distortions by Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ ions.

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