Influence of imperfections on the out-of-plane flexural strength of post-tensioned masonry walls

Jennifer R. Bean Popehn, Arturo E. Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The influence of imperfections on the response of simply-supported post-tensioned masonry (PTM) walls subject to out-of-plane loading is investigated. Two types of imperfections of the masonry and/or tendons are studied: a linear misalignment and an initial deflection defined using a sinusoid. Walls with a range of slenderness ratios are considered, in addition to walls with restrained and unrestrained tendons. By means of finite element studies, imperfections were found to affect the nominal flexural strength of the walls by as much as 10% for a linear imperfection and 20% for an initial deflection. However, the tolerance limits on the placement of masonry and post-tensioning tendons, coupled with the conservatism implicit in the nominal flexural strength formulas developed for design use in the US, appear to be sufficient to offset those differences, thus precluding consideration of accidental eccentricity for PTM walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)942-949
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project was supported by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) through grant CMS-9904110, the University of Minnesota, the National Concrete Masonry Foundation, the Brick Industries Association and the Minnesota Concrete Masonry Association.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Accidental eccentricity
  • Curvature
  • Imperfection
  • Misalignment
  • Moment capacity
  • Nominal strength
  • Post-tensioned masonry
  • Slender


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