Influence of flavor solvent on flavor release and perception in sugar-free chewing gum

Rajesh V. Potineni, Devin G Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The influence of flavor solvent [triacetin (TA), propylene glycol (PG), medium chained triglycerides (MCT), or no flavor solvent (NFS)] on the flavor release profile, the textural properties, and the sensory perception of a sugar-free chewing gum was investigated. Time course analysis of the exhaled breath and saliva during chewing gum mastication indicated that flavor solvent addition or type did not influence the aroma release profile; however, the sorbitol release rate was statistically lower for the TA formulated sample in comparison to those with PG, MCT, or NFS. Sensory time-intensity analysis also indicated that the TA formulated sample was statistically lower in perceived sweetness intensity, in comparison with the other chewing gum samples, and also had lower cinnamon-like aroma intensity, presumably due to an interaction between sweetness intensity on aroma perception. Measurement of the chewing gum macroscopic texture by compression analysis during consumption was not correlated to the unique flavor release properties of the TA-chewing gum. However, a relationship between gum base plasticity and retention of sugar alcohol during mastication was proposed to explain the different flavor properties of the TA sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3254-3259
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 14 2008


  • Breath analysis
  • Chewing gum
  • Flavor release
  • Flavor solvents
  • Perception
  • Time-intensity


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