Influence of E-shopping on shopping travel: Evidence from Minnesota's Twin Cities

Jason Cao, Frank Douma, Fay Cleaveland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Research was done to reveal the travel impact of e-shopping in the Minneapolis-St. Paul (Twin Cities) metropolitan area of Minnesota. A sample of Internet users drawn from urban, suburban, and exurban neighborhoods was used to identify the relationship between e-shopping and in-store shopping. An online survey composed of direct and attitudinal questions was used to obtain the data. Ordered probit models were developed to account for the influences of a variety of confounding factors, such as shopping attitudes, shopping accessibility, shopping responsibility, and sociodemographics. The preliminary results, controlled for the confounding factors, show that e-shopping behavior (for online searching and online buying) tends to have a complementarity effect on in-store shopping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number2157
StatePublished - Jan 12 2010


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