Influence of colloidal particles with bimodal size distributions on retention and pressure drop in ultrafiltration membranes

Handol Lee, Dong Bin Kwak, Seong Chan Kim, Qisheng Ou, David Y Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In membrane processes, fouling from ongoing deposition of particles is the major issue for membrane failure and thus many researches on fouling characteristics have been conducted. Most of the researches have been performed with monodisperse particle systems to clarify effects of particle size on the deposition and fouling mechanisms. However, particle systems in nature have a wide size distribution with polydispersity. In this study, we used an electrospray-scanning mobility particle sizer method, which is suitable for characterizing the concentration of each component in mixtures. A series of filtration tests for 0.03 µm rated Polyethersulfone membrane against mixtures of different sized polystyrene latex particles was performed. The results showed a significantly enhanced retention efficiency of 60 nm particles in mixtures with larger particles. This was attributed from the larger particles clogging large pores, so 60 nm particles could not penetrate. For the cases of mixtures of 60 + 150 nm and 100 + 150 nm, we found much more pressure drop increases compared to the summation of the pressure drop increase for each monodisperse case. In these mixture cases, smaller particles supposed to have a depth filtration mechanism formed the cake layers due to initially blocked larger pores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-360
Number of pages9
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

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Ultrafiltration
Pressure drop
Membranes
Fouling
Polydispersity
Latexes
Particles (particulate matter)
Polystyrenes
Particle size
Scanning

Keywords

  • Depth filtration
  • Electrospray-scanning mobility particle sizer
  • Fouling
  • Polydispersity
  • Surface filtration
  • Ultrafiltration

Cite this

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title = "Influence of colloidal particles with bimodal size distributions on retention and pressure drop in ultrafiltration membranes",
abstract = "In membrane processes, fouling from ongoing deposition of particles is the major issue for membrane failure and thus many researches on fouling characteristics have been conducted. Most of the researches have been performed with monodisperse particle systems to clarify effects of particle size on the deposition and fouling mechanisms. However, particle systems in nature have a wide size distribution with polydispersity. In this study, we used an electrospray-scanning mobility particle sizer method, which is suitable for characterizing the concentration of each component in mixtures. A series of filtration tests for 0.03 µm rated Polyethersulfone membrane against mixtures of different sized polystyrene latex particles was performed. The results showed a significantly enhanced retention efficiency of 60 nm particles in mixtures with larger particles. This was attributed from the larger particles clogging large pores, so 60 nm particles could not penetrate. For the cases of mixtures of 60 + 150 nm and 100 + 150 nm, we found much more pressure drop increases compared to the summation of the pressure drop increase for each monodisperse case. In these mixture cases, smaller particles supposed to have a depth filtration mechanism formed the cake layers due to initially blocked larger pores.",
keywords = "Depth filtration, Electrospray-scanning mobility particle sizer, Fouling, Polydispersity, Surface filtration, Ultrafiltration",
author = "Handol Lee and Kwak, {Dong Bin} and Kim, {Seong Chan} and Qisheng Ou and Pui, {David Y}",
year = "2019",
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AU - Kwak, Dong Bin

AU - Kim, Seong Chan

AU - Ou, Qisheng

AU - Pui, David Y

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AB - In membrane processes, fouling from ongoing deposition of particles is the major issue for membrane failure and thus many researches on fouling characteristics have been conducted. Most of the researches have been performed with monodisperse particle systems to clarify effects of particle size on the deposition and fouling mechanisms. However, particle systems in nature have a wide size distribution with polydispersity. In this study, we used an electrospray-scanning mobility particle sizer method, which is suitable for characterizing the concentration of each component in mixtures. A series of filtration tests for 0.03 µm rated Polyethersulfone membrane against mixtures of different sized polystyrene latex particles was performed. The results showed a significantly enhanced retention efficiency of 60 nm particles in mixtures with larger particles. This was attributed from the larger particles clogging large pores, so 60 nm particles could not penetrate. For the cases of mixtures of 60 + 150 nm and 100 + 150 nm, we found much more pressure drop increases compared to the summation of the pressure drop increase for each monodisperse case. In these mixture cases, smaller particles supposed to have a depth filtration mechanism formed the cake layers due to initially blocked larger pores.

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