Influence of adrenergic nervous and prostaglandin systems on hydralazine-induced renin release

Alan R. Sinaiko

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of the β-adrenergic nervous and prostaglandin systems in vasodilator-induced activation of the renin-angiotensin system was studied in conscious rats. The plasma renin activity (PRA) response to intravenous hydralazine (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg body wt.) was compared to the PRA response following administration of similar doses of hydralazine to rats pretreated with either indomethacin (3 mg/kg body wt. i.v.) or indomethacin and propranolol (1 mg/kg body wt. i.v.). PRA increased significantly above control levels after each of the hydralazine doses. In rats pretreated with indomethacin, PRA did not increase with the 0.25 mg/kg dose of hydralazine; increased significantly with the 0.5 mg/kg dose but remained significantly lower than the PRA response in the absence of indomethacin; and increased with the 1 mg/kg dose to a level not significantly different from PRA in rats receiving only hydralazine. When rats were pretreated with indomethacin and propranolol, PRA did not increase significantly in response to either the 0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg doses of hydralazine. Although a statistically significant increase in PRA was noted with the 1 mg/kg dose of hydralazine, the level of PRA achieved was very low and only 15% of that observed with the other two treatment regimens (i.e., hydralazine alone or indomethacin and hydralazine). These results demonstrate that vasodilator-induced renin release is only partially mediated via the prostaglandin system, that the degree of this control is related to the intensity of vasodilator stimulus and that renin release following administration of hydralazine can be attributed almost entirely to activation of the β-adrenergic nervous and prostaglandin systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2269-2275
Number of pages7
JournalLife Sciences
Volume33
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 1983

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This investigationw as supported by the Viking's Children's Fund of the University of Minnesota and Biomedical Research Support Grant (BRSG) - NIH grant #RR05385.

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