Influence and interference of isosorbide dinitrate and food intake on superior mesenteric artery impedance in humans

M. De Buyzere, E. Rietzschel, D. Duprez, D. Voet, S. Mareels, M. Afschrift

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The influence of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and food ingestion on superior mesenteric artery impedance was investigated in 24 healthy volunteers (age 40 ± 2.7 years). Superior mesenteric artery circulation was assessed by duplex ultrasound. Pulsatility index (PI) was considered as a parameter of vascular resistance and was calculated as the peak-to-peak amplitude of the waveform divided by the mean amplitude. The subjects were randomly allocated to four groups (ISDN, meal, ISDN+meal, meal+ISDN). PI measurements were performed in resting and fasting conditions and serially for 1 h after sublingual 5 mg ISDN, ingestion of a 300-kcal, 300-ml mixed liquid meal; sublingual 5 mg ISDN followed 10 min later by the test meal; and ingestion of the test meal followed 5 min later by sublingual 5 mg ISDN. Five minutes after 5 mg sublingual ISDN, PI had increased from 6.8 to 12.4, while after intake of a meal PI had decreased from 7.6 to 4.9. Separate effects of 5 mg ISDN and meal intake lasted for at least 1 h. The reflex vasoconstrictive effect of 5 mg ISDN on the superior mesenteric artery circulation was counterbalanced by ingestion of a meal in healthy volunteers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-405
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume47
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1995

Keywords

  • food intake
  • Nitrates
  • pulsatility index
  • superior mesenteric artery

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