Infectivity enhanced, cyclooxygenase-2 promoter-based conditionally replicative adenovirus for pancreatic cancer

Masato Yamamoto, Julia Davydova, Minghui Wang, Gene P. Siegal, Victor Krasnykh, Selwyn M. Vickers, David T. Curiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Background & Aims: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive human malignancies. Conditionally replicative adenoviruses (CRAds) have shown some promise in the treatment of cancers. However, to date, their application for pancreatic cancer has met several obstacles: one is lack of a good control element to regulate replication, and the other is relatively low adenoviral infectivity. Thus, we constructed infectivity enhanced cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 promoter-based CRAds to develop a safe and effective therapeutic modality. Methods: The CRAds were designed to achieve COX-2 promoter-controlled E1 expression for regulated replication (COX-2 CRAds). The infectivity-enhanced CRAds also have an RGD-4C motif in the adenoviral fiber-knob region. The selectivity and efficacy of these constructs were analyzed with cell lines in vitro. The in vivo therapeutic effect and viral replication were analyzed with a xenograft model. Pathology of the major organs and E1 RNA levels in the liver were also studied after systemic administration. Results: The COX-2 CRAds showed a selective cytocidal effect in vitro in COX-2-positive cells and killed most of the pancreatic cancer cells. In vivo, intratumoral administration of the infectivity-enhanced COX-2 CRAds (109 particles) showed a strong antitumor effect comparable to wild-type virus, whereas the COX-2 CRAds without infectivity enhancement showed a limited effect. Viral replication was confirmed in the xenograft tumors. Systemic administration did not cause any detectable toxicity; the E1 RNA level in the liver after COX-2 CRAd administration was minimal. Conclusions: Infectivity-enhanced COX-2 CRAd is a promising agent for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1203-1218
Number of pages16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported in part by National Institutes of Health grants R01 CA94084 (to D.T.C.), R01 DK63615 (to M.Y.), R01 HL67962 (to D.T.C.), P50 CA89019 (to D.T.C.), R01 CA86881 (to D.T.C.), R01 CA 93796 (to G.P.S.), U19 PR15015 (to D.T.C.), Department of Defense grant DAMD17-03-1-0104 (to M.Y.), an AVON Breast Cancer Research and Care Program grant (to M.Y.), the Lustgarten Foundation Competitive Awards (to D.T.C.), and a UA-HSF grant (to G.P.S.).


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