Infection dynamics of Mycoplasma hyorhinis in three commercial pig populations

M. J. Clavijo, D. Murray, S. Oliveira, Albert Rovira

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in postweaning pigs. Knowledge regarding colonisation frequency and age distribution in modern pig production is lacking. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of M hyorhinis colonisation in different age groups across three commercial pig populations. Nasal swabs were collected from sows, piglets and nursery pigs of different ages. Oral fluids were collected from nursery pigs. Necropsies were performed to assess the presence of M hyorhinis-associated disease. M hyorhinis was detected in 5/60 sows in herd A, 3/60 in herd B and none in herd C. In herd A and B, the prevalence was low in preweaning piglets (∼8 per cent) and high in postweaning pigs (∼98 per cent). A total of 7/8 oral fluids tested PCR positive in herds A and B, while 1/8 tested positive in herd C. In herd C, the preweaning and postweaning prevalence was low. In herds A and B, necropsied pigs had polyserositis lesions where M hyorhinis was detected by PCR. This study showed that prevalence of M hyorhinis colonisation varies with pig age and across farms. Information generated will aid in the design and implementation of control and prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68
Number of pages1
JournalThe Veterinary record
Volume181
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2017

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This record is sourced from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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